The Role of Big Data Analytics in Smart City Network Management
They say ‘Change’ is the only constant. And that evolution leads to innovation. There is no doubt that smarter technologies result in better benefits for citizens. An example of this is how Digital India initiatives have paved the way for several projects like Smart City. With a modernized infrastructure, there is a tectonic shift in the way infrastructure is laid, integrations are made and deployments are done.
Internet network platform plays an important role in the successful deployment and management of Smart City services. Wi-Fi is one of the chosen networks which is currently the apt solution platform for Smart City initiatives. Several Smart Cities have already deployed city-wide Wi-Fi services, for example, the one in Gandhinagar.
More than 190k devices are connected through the citywide Wi-Fi network catering to thousands of users in a single instant. Digital technologies like the Internet of Things (IoT) and Big Data Analytics play a vital role in enhancing the overall experience of the users as well as smart services. When a large number of users are connected to the network and devices share data between each other, there is a large amount data that is stored on the network. These Big Data can be collected, parsed and analyzed for actionable information that can help the government, telcos, brands, and enterprises to better understand their citizens, customers, and subscribers.
In Smart City networks, the penetration of IoT devices is happening faster than before and data from all these sensors, devices, and applications generate real-time information through Big Data analytics solutions. Different types of communication that take place in a Smart City network such as device-to-device, application-to-person, and system-to-system, to manage a variety of services such as energy, water, transport, traffic and healthcare. The communication can happen through a range of sources like enterprise systems, Wi-Fi logs, web services, social networks, mobile and wearable devices, IoT device sensors, GPS etc.
The Smart City and IoT solution platform designed and developed by Sterlite Tech has the ability to communicate with different components seamlessly, irrespective of the language. Built on an open-architecture, the Smart and Converged IoT Platform (SCIP) has the capability to integrate with different types of legacy business systems, telecom components, IoT devices and applications.
These are different phases in which the data is captured, collated and cleaned to transform it to an analytical data format:
- Data Aggregation:
The data aggregation process involves the collection of data from different sources in different formats including personal, business and global data. The data can include numbers, texts, images, logs or any denominator.
- Data Validation:
The collected data is further validated by the platform based on the standard procedure for the relevancy and structured data formats. Validation ensures that the importance of the data is not lost and the sanctity of the message is maintained. The security and consistency of the information are also validated.
- Data Cleansing:
The process of data cleansing fixes the information by removing or adding accurate data from existing database or different sources to give the complete picture. The cleansing process is one of the important phases which exclude inaccurate data in case of Big Data analytics.
- Data Plotting:
Once the data has been cleaned, it is further plotted in the defined formats in the system. The information can be viewed in the bar chart, graphs or smart grid view depending on the type of data plots configured in the system.
- Data Analytics:
The final data when combined with different charts and reports help in identifying the trends, behaviours, preferences or gaps in the existing processes or market. The analytical information can be used by the citizens, government, private businesses and brands to enhance their decision-making.
- A smart, unified platform:
SCIP is part of the industry standard software solutions offered by Sterlite Tech for Telecom and Smart Cities. Regardless of the protocol, the solution is intelligent enough to integrate and communicate with various components deployed across the city to fetch information and offer a unified view of information.
The platform offers a single dashboard for generating city-wide services, sensors, IoT devices, location-aware solutions, Wi-Fi management platforms, ticketing & emailing systems and intelligent analytics related information. The solution also supports different communication & data platforms and triggers alerts or actions based on the data received from multiple sources.